The solution applied is the construction of a small ripening tank in the village, where people can safely place their cassava bags without suffer from elephant consumption and improve community daily life by decreasing the effort and time to reach the river sometimes far away.29 September 2020
To facilitate the long-term sustainability of this measure, Greek eNGOs initiated an extensive consultation and negotiation processes with national competent authorities, mainly the Ministry of Rural Development and Food so that financial support for the measure would be included in the Greek Rural Development Programme (RDP). Within their Rural Development Programmes, Member States or regions in European Union make available public funds additional to the system of direct payments to farmers. At least 30% of funding for each RDP must be dedicated to measures relevant for the environment and climate change.
The inclusion of damage prevention measures in the Greek RDP was the outcome of these initiatives. The stakeholders addressed through these prevention measures were beekeepers, farmers, and livestock breeders.
For the first time, a measure for electric fences for apiaries and sheepfolds was included in the National RDP of Greece in the programming period 2000-2006, which foresaw financial support for the purchase and installation of electric fences by local producers. A similar preventive measure was included in the next RDP programming period between 2007 and 2013.
Both the Marsican brown bear (Ursus arctos marsicanus) and the Italian honey bee (Apis mellifera ligustica) are threatened by the alteration of ecosystems caused by humans. If the bear is critically endangered and on the verge of extinction, then the bees are not safe either. The overall goal of this project is to enhance the biodiversity of the ecosystems and increase food sources for the Marsican brown bear through pollinator insects such as Italian honey bees which would replace non-endemic swarms.
Another important goal of the project is to reduce human-bear conflicts leading to the potential destruction of the small Marsican bear population in Central Italy through poaching (culling is not a legal option). Through promoting cooperation with the beekeepers, this project aims to make beekeepers more aware of the necessity of protecting their farms and see the bear as added promotional value, instead of a competitor.
Funding, secured by the NGO Salviamo l’Orso, is used to purchase and donate native bee swarms, beehives and electric fences to local beekeepers who suffered bear damage, to prevent and reduce future losses caused by bears. The honey produced through these hives will also help compensate for the loss of production. Sixty percent of the honey produced through the donated hives is kept by the beekeeper, while the rest is collected by the NGO and sold locally as bear-friendly honey, to increase awareness on this issue and promote sustainable honey production.
This project is led by a local NGO (Salviamo l’Orso) in collaboration with scientists, funded by grants provided by Patagonia (www.patagonia.com) and Tides (www.tides.com). The project began in 2016 and is ongoing to present date (2019).20 September 2019