A trained Emergency Response (ER) team consisting of an officer not below the rank of Assistant Conservator of Forests, one qualified veterinarian, and a minimum of five trained support staff may be formed in the identified conflict area19 julio 2019
This initiative consists of painting eyes on the hindquarters of cows to scare off predators that ambush them from behind like lions.
Working with Botswana Predator Conservation and local herders, we painted the cattle of 14 herds that had recently suffered lion attacks. Over four years, a total of 2,061 cattle participated in the study.
Before coming out of their night pen, we painted about a third of each herd with an artificial eye patch pattern on the rump, a third with simple crosses, and left the remaining third of the herd unmarked. We did 49 painting sessions and each lasted 24 days.
Individuals painted with artificial eye spots were more likely (statistically) to survive than unpainted or cross-painted control cattle in the same herd.
None of the 683 painted “eye cows” were killed by ambush predators during the four-year study, while 15 (of 835) unpainted cattle and 4 (of 543) painted cross cattle were been killed.
These results confirmed our initial intuition that creating the perception that the predator had been seen by the prey would cause it to give up the hunt.
One of the main possible limitations is that the predator can get used to this lure over time, more or less quickly depending on the context and the individual.
This is why it is often recommended to combine several initiatives to minimize the chances of predator attacks on livestock.19 julio 2019
With the objective of alleviating this situation, The Corbett Foundation (TCF), a conservation NGO working in India, launched the Cattle Compensation Scheme in 1995 to give interim and on-the-spot financial assistance to villagers, whose cattle have been killed by a tiger or a leopard in the buffer zone of CTR. WWF-India has been a partner of this compensation scheme since 1997. The Cattle Compensation Scheme was eventually renamed as the Interim Relief Scheme. Information about this scheme has spread to all the villages around CTR and reporting of cattle kills has reached nearly 100%. TCF has a dedicated team in place that promptly responds to livestock depredation incidents by providing immediate effective monitory assistance and medical treatment to the injured livestock. This scheme has been largely instrumental in reducing the antagonism of locals and also helps in building trust among the local community members.
Ever since this scheme has been in place, the revenge killings of tigers and leopards in the area have drastically dropped, making this one of the most successful tiger conservation programmes implemented by any NGO in India.
Due to the success of this programme, this scheme was expanded to Kanha Tiger Reserve (KTR), situated among the Satpuda mountain ranges of central India in 2016.3 julio 2019