CanOvis – Understanding interactions between wolves, livestock guarding dogs and livestock

The ultimate objective of this program is to improve the “quality” of livestock guarding dogs (selection, education, behavior), to identify the parameters and situations that influence their effectiveness in protection (pastoral practices, equipment, use of space …) and thus help to adjust prevention strategies and optimize protection systems.

Different experiments have been carried out during the 2013-2015 period, notably in the Mercantour National Park (Alpes-Maritimes, 06) and the military site and plateau of Canjuers (Var, 83). Some initial results have been valued and published. Over 161 nights of thermal imaging observations were made over three optimal herd attack seasons. It is already clear that the behavior of dogs facing the wolf is much more complex than it was imagined. Indeed, if they demonstrate with certainty that they disrupt wolf attacks to the point of preventing them, it would also seem to reveal that not all interactions are in conflict between the two species. For example, in the same sequence of images, a dog can repel a wolf attack and be persistently and an hour later let him access a sheep carcass near the night-corral. In other sequences a male wolf can interact with a dog or a sub-adult wolf signals playful intentions towards the dogs.

18 June 2020

Participative solution-seeking strategies

The Cape Leopard Trust recognises that farmer-predator conflict remains a highly emotive issue – both for those who lose livestock as well as for those of us who are wholly opposed to the destructive and indiscriminate methods of predator control.

In seeking solutions, The Cape Leopard Trust has always been committed to establishing sustainable long-term strategies to human-wildlife conflict, based on scientific fact rather than emotional conjecture. To achieve this, we employ two simple methodologies:
– We rely on rigorous scientific studies to back up our research findings.
– We employ constructive solution-seeking strategies that include farmers and other affected parties, as opposed to berating and alienating them.
We do not engage in attacks on those with a different viewpoint, as this compromises our integrity. Instead, we urge all stakeholders to redirect their efforts towards constructive collaboration with the Cape Leopard Trust, with farmers and with statutory organisations, based on tried and tested methods.

10 June 2020

Village Tiger Response Team

The Village Tiger Response Team (VTRT) is a community driven mechanism. Their main roles are to manage the Human – Tiger interactions issues inside village and to provide data on a regular basis to manage the WildTeam’s Human-Tiger Conflict (HTC) database. But over the time they became involved with different kind of commplementary activities like social awareness, the compensation support for tiger victims and their families. VTRTs also take part in inside forest HTC management like retrieve the dead or injured human body and livestock.

To manage any emergency stray tiger situation, they coordinate with WildTeam, Bangladesh Forest Department, local administrative bodies and other local influencers.

10 June 2020

Wildlife Stakeholder Acceptance Capacity

In this study, they “use a stated preference approach for measuring tolerance, based on the ‘Wildlife Stakeholder Acceptance Capacity’ concept, to explore villagers’ tolerance levels for tigers in the Bangladesh Sundarbans, an area where, at the time of the research, human-tiger conflict was severe. Their results indicate that beliefs about tigers and about the perceived current tiger population trend are predictors of tolerance for tigers. Positive beliefs about tigers and a belief that the tiger population is not currently increasing are both associated with greater stated tolerance for the species. Contrary to commonly-held notions, negative experiences with tigers do not directly affect tolerance levels; instead, their effect is mediated by villagers’ beliefs about tigers and risk perceptions concerning human-tiger conflict incidents. These findings highlight a need to explore and understand the socio-psychological factors that encourage tolerance towards endangered species. Our research also demonstrates the applicability of this approach to tolerance research to a wide range of socio-economic and cultural contexts and reveals its capacity to enhance carnivore conservation efforts worldwide.”

10 June 2020

Prevention guide for breeders

The territory of French Guyana is under agricultural development. Thus, many breeders may have to cope with the predation of jaguars and pumas upon their livestock. This guide has thus been realized to advice breeders, particularly those who have not yet set up, about practices and measures to prevent attacks of large felids on their animals.

10 June 2020

Pilot farms Non-lethal protection measures

When breeders have to deal with depredation of Jaguar or Puma upon their livestock, they have the opportunity to become a “pilot farm” and thus freely set up a non-lethal measure. Both the project leader and the breeder choose together which measure seem to be relevant and adapted to the farm. A technical sheet is given to the breeder to tell him/her all the information to effectively set up and maintain the measure.

For now, 5 deterrent measures are available: sound deterrent system, light deterrent system (Foxlight), electric fence “anti-felid”, donkey, livestock guarding dog “Kangal”.

It offers a free alternative for breeders who were until today, for many of them often using retaliatory killing although it was not effective to reduce predation in the long-term. Workshops are organized to introduce these measures and share the experiences among the local stakeholders involved in this issue.

3 June 2020

Community program strategy to improve Human – Wildlife interactions

Abstract of the study: “Environmental education is a widespread, yet relatively unexamined strategy to reduce human-wildlife conflicts. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions toward bear conservation after five years of environmental education in a Quichua community. Conflicts with livestock predation created mixed attitudes and behaviors toward bear conservation. Some program objectives were achieved, such as 88% of participants reported satisfaction with environmental knowledge gained. Behavioral intentions to decrease bear conflicts increased, and multiple regression analysis revealed support for the project was associated with program participation. Focus group meetings with teachers, local policy makers and para-biologists provided a context for recommendations to improve program success and revealed new issues for better bear management.”

3 June 2020

Phone application Report attack

Phone application to foster the declaration of attacks of large felids over livestock.

2 June 2020

CatCrafts, cat handicrafts supporting Andean cat conservation

We aim to adopt craftsmanship as a creative tool and a livelihood initiative, enabling the Andean Cat Alliance (Alianza Gato Andino – AGA) to support wildlife conservation – particularly of the Andean cat – through increased engagement of local people while simultaneously reinforcing the cultural identity of the High Andes communities, improving their livelihoods and empowering women.

6 May 2020

Cerro Guido sustainable model ranch

This project looks for the coexistence between livestock raising and wildlife

29 April 2020
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