Nepal achieved significant success in protecting wild animals and restoring forests areas. Consequently, there is a growing trend of Human Wildlife Conflicts throughout the country. With the aim of providing immediate cash relief to victim families and those that suffer wildlife damages, a monetary compensation scheme was introduced in 2011 by the Government.
The scheme provides cash relief of 1 million NRs (1 USD equivalent to NRs 115 in 2019) in case of human deaths to victim family. The cash relief also compensates for crop damages, property loss and livestock loss. The scheme includes 14 wildlife species namely Bear, Tiger, Rhino, Elephant, Clouded Leopard, Common Leopard, Snow Leopard, Wild Buffaloes, Wildboar, Gaur Bison, Magar Crocodile, Python, Wild dog and Wolf. A procedure has been established. The process initiates with the application by victim families, verification by a committee representing government and local users. The budget is contributed by the Government of Nepal allocating through annual budget.
The main aim of this scheme is to provide cash relief to the victim families for immediate support. It will help support livelihoods of the poor and disadvantages.
CONDITIONS OF SUCCESS
Immediate benefits to victim family, continuous procedural improvements and more species inclusion based on practical evidences.