The Village Tiger Response Team (VTRT) is a community driven mechanism. Their main roles are to manage the Human – Tiger interactions issues inside village and to provide data on a regular basis to manage the WildTeam’s Human-Tiger Conflict (HTC) database. But over the time they became involved with different kind of commplementary activities like social awareness, the compensation support for tiger victims and their families. VTRTs also take part in inside forest HTC management like retrieve the dead or injured human body and livestock.
To manage any emergency stray tiger situation, they coordinate with WildTeam, Bangladesh Forest Department, local administrative bodies and other local influencers.10 June 2020
Human – Tiger conflict is one of the most critical issues in tiger conservation and also a serious problem for human safety (attacks on humans and livestock. It thus requires a focus on effective mitigation measures. Two of these measures used in Nepal have been assessed: compensation payments and tiger removals.
In this study, authors made the following suggestions to improve these measures:
– In order to encourage community engagement, paying compensation payments quickly,
– Promoting an insurance scheme in the buffer zone,
– Better managing live-removed tigers, such as radio-tracking of wild released individuals,
– Targeting affected communities to set up awareness programs.
In this study, they “use a stated preference approach for measuring tolerance, based on the ‘Wildlife Stakeholder Acceptance Capacity’ concept, to explore villagers’ tolerance levels for tigers in the Bangladesh Sundarbans, an area where, at the time of the research, human-tiger conflict was severe. Their results indicate that beliefs about tigers and about the perceived current tiger population trend are predictors of tolerance for tigers. Positive beliefs about tigers and a belief that the tiger population is not currently increasing are both associated with greater stated tolerance for the species. Contrary to commonly-held notions, negative experiences with tigers do not directly affect tolerance levels; instead, their effect is mediated by villagers’ beliefs about tigers and risk perceptions concerning human-tiger conflict incidents. These findings highlight a need to explore and understand the socio-psychological factors that encourage tolerance towards endangered species. Our research also demonstrates the applicability of this approach to tolerance research to a wide range of socio-economic and cultural contexts and reveals its capacity to enhance carnivore conservation efforts worldwide.”10 June 2020
Using forensic techniques and DNA analysis during wildlife investigation, front line staff of the forest department can identify the species/individual involved in conflict. This helps forest department to take action like capture/shoot the problem animal, giving compensation to owner of livestock/relative of human died in conflict. Also, front line staff investigate the crime scene/ conflict scene for collecting supporting evidences to link it to other conflict cases so that problem species/individual can be identified. Considering these ground realities, we have developed a training program for the front line staff of the forest department and veterinarians from the Animal Husbandry department to conduct the investigation using all sophisticated techniques of forensic science which helps in identifying the problem animal and other supportive evidences on the basis of DNA analysis from the laboratory. This results in swift action to identify the problem animal, capturing the particular individual and shifting it to the captive facility and also in quick disbursement of the compensation to the owner/relatives. The one day training involves pre lunch session and post lunch session. First session includes theory introducing participants about wildlife forensics and different forensic techniques for sample/evidence collection. Post lunch session includes the practical hands on training where participants perform the demo investigation and sample collection, DNA analysis, preservation, labelling and transportation to the diagnostic laboratories. Dr. Bahar Baviskar, wildlife veterinarian who has taken the training in wildlife forensics gives the training. At a time around 30-40 frontline staff is being trained to allow them hands on training.8 April 2020
Wildlife Friendly™ certification is a global program providing best practice guidelines for farming, ranching, and other enterprises who seek to generate sustainable livelihoods while protecting key species of biodiversity. Our certification programs, also including species-focused initiatives such as Elephant Friendly™ Tea, Jaguar Friendly™ Coffee, and Wildlife Friendly™ IBIS Rice™, are trusted labels that guide consumers towards products that genuinely contribute to species and habitat conservation. Examples of Certified Wildlife Friendly™ and Certified Predator Friendly™ enterprises include producers of dairy, meat, poultry, honey, and crops that use non-lethal management practices and allow for the passage of wildlife and protection of habitat across productive lands. WFEN also certifies tourism enterprises under its core Certified Wildlife Friendly™ Tourism program, such as community-based tour operators and lodges, and others under its Certified Sea Turtle Friendly™ Tourism program, such as resorts that are protecting key sea turtle nesting and foraging habitat while minimizing other tourism related impacts on these species. Wildlife Friendly™ certification provides a science-driven framework for producers seeking to implement practices that support ecosystem integrity, while also requiring that local communities are actively involved and see real benefits from truly Wildlife Friendly™ practices. Consumers are willing to pay a small premium for these products, absorbing the cost often associated with the implementation of best practices for biodiversity. The stories behind certified products and producers build consumer brand loyalty and open access to new markets, while bringing benefits to local communities. Incentivizing best practices across the landscape works to ensure positive conservation outcomes and increased tolerance for wildlife. Across the globe, Wildlife Friendly™ certification and the Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network are leading the way in promoting agriculture for biodiversity along supply chains and in promoting shared values, understanding, and respect between producers and consumers.30 January 2020
A low-cost and open source system that helps to early detect and alert people about the presence of large mammals.19 July 2019
Voluntary groups to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts. the group were established to mitigate the conflict and also to inform the government if the conflict happens in their area. if there is no conflict the group acts as government volunteer for spreading news or making conservation is important issue in the community.19 July 2019
With the objective of alleviating this situation, The Corbett Foundation (TCF), a conservation NGO working in India, launched the Cattle Compensation Scheme in 1995 to give interim and on-the-spot financial assistance to villagers, whose cattle have been killed by a tiger or a leopard in the buffer zone of CTR. WWF-India has been a partner of this compensation scheme since 1997. The Cattle Compensation Scheme was eventually renamed as the Interim Relief Scheme. Information about this scheme has spread to all the villages around CTR and reporting of cattle kills has reached nearly 100%. TCF has a dedicated team in place that promptly responds to livestock depredation incidents by providing immediate effective monitory assistance and medical treatment to the injured livestock. This scheme has been largely instrumental in reducing the antagonism of locals and also helps in building trust among the local community members.
Ever since this scheme has been in place, the revenge killings of tigers and leopards in the area have drastically dropped, making this one of the most successful tiger conservation programmes implemented by any NGO in India.
Due to the success of this programme, this scheme was expanded to Kanha Tiger Reserve (KTR), situated among the Satpuda mountain ranges of central India in 2016.3 July 2019